Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

What Are the Four Stages of Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that progresses slowly in its early stage. It is less aggressive than other types of cancer and it has four different stages to explain its growth. What are the four stages of prostate cancer and how to treat it?

It is important to know each stage of prostate cancer so you have a clue on how advanced it is, what happens in your body, and what treatment options are available. Take a closer look at the brief explanation below and learn more about the four stages of prostate cancer.

What Are the Four Stages of Prostate Cancer?

What Are the Four Stages of Prostate Cancer?

Cancer is typically staged to help you and healthcare providers understand how much it has spread and prostate cancer is no exception. TNM (Tumor, Nodes, Metastasis) system is a commonly used staging system to classify cancer.

Here are four different stages of prostate cancer you should know:

1. Stage I

This is the early stage of prostate cancer. The tumor is growing slowly, small in size, and has not spread to the other area. In this stage, your PSA level may be lower than 10 ng/mL. Individuals diagnosed with stage I of prostate cancer are more likely to survive with a nearly 100 percent of survival rate.

2. Stage II

The tumor starts to grow in your prostate but it hasn’t reached the lymph nodes or other areas. The tumor size is small but it has a higher risk of growing larger and spreading. When you take the PSA test, the PSA level in your blood is still lower than 20 ng/mL.

Stage II is divided into three phases depending on the size of the tumor, including Stage IIA, Stage IIB, and stage IIC. The survival rate of this stage is nearly 100 percent.

3. Stage III

In this stage your PSA levels are high and the malignant tumor is growing larger. Cancer may or may not have traveled to the other parts of the body. When cancer cells haven’t spread then the survival rate is close to 100 percent.

Stage III is divided into three subgroups, including Stage IIIA, Stage IIIB, and Stage IIIC. Stage IIIA indicates cancer hasn’t spread beyond your prostate while Stage IIIB and IIIC mean cancer may be growing in the other parts of the body.

4. Stage IV

What are the four stages of prostate cancer? Stage IV is the most advanced prostate cancer where cancer cells have spread in the other parts of the body, such as lungs, spinal cord, and lymph nodes. Stage IV prostate cancer is divided into two categories, Stage IVA and Stage IVB.

Stage IVA is when cancer has spread to lymph nodes close to the prostate while Stage IVB is when the tumor has attached and grown in other organs or bones.

Treatments

The treatment of prostate cancer heavily depends on the stage. After diagnosing prostate cancer and determining its stage, health care providers offer treatment options that will work effectively to fight cancer cells. Here are several treatments based on their stages:

1. Stage I

Radical prostatectomy is often suggested to treat Stage I prostate cancer. This is a surgical procedure to remove the prostate gland. Your doctor may also recommend radiation therapy.

2. Stage II

When you are diagnosed with Stage II prostate cancer, your doctor may suggest a surgical procedure for removing the prostate. Hormone therapy combined with radiation therapy may also be suggested.

3. Stage III

In this stage, the most common treatment options are external beam radiation, hormone therapy, and radiation. Radical prostatectomy can also be conducted along with pelvic lymph nodes removal.

4. Stage IV

Hormone therapy and chemotherapy are often suggested for people with Stage IV of prostate cancer. Depending on the affected area, the doctor may also recommend bone radiation and surgery.

What are the four stages of prostate cancer? It includes Stage I to Stage IV, in which each stage indicates how advanced the cancer is.

Post a Comment for "What Are the Four Stages of Prostate Cancer?"