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Colon Cancer Prognosis by Age

Colon cancer prognosis by age is influenced by various factors. The number of young people suffering from the colon or rectal cancer continues to increase. In fact, this disease was once a type of cancer commonly suffered by the elderly.

According to research by the American Cancer Society, the number of people younger than 50 years with colon (large intestine) cancer rose by about 11 percent between 2004-2014. Researchers also predict that colon cancer in patients aged 20-34 years will rise to 90 percent by 2030.

Although the group of young patients is still smaller than the elderly, young people diagnosed with colon cancer often have advanced disease and require aggressive therapy. The increase in the number of young people suffering from colon cancer can actually be seen since the 1990s.

However, experts do not yet know the exact cause. One study showed that one-third of cases were due to a genetic condition or family history. About two-thirds of cases are likely due to an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, or other factors.

Colon Cancer Prognosis by Age

Colon Cancer Prognosis by Age What You Need to Know

Prognosis is influenced by the patient's clinical course and the stage of cancer at diagnosis. Life expectancy (survival rate) in 5 years is determined by the stage of colorectal cancer when you are diagnosed.

If diagnosed at stage I, the 5-year survival rate can reach 88%, stage IIA 81%, stage IIB 50%, stage IIIA 83%, stage IIIB 72%, stage IIIC 58%, and stage IV 13%. Modern therapy gives a good prognosis, but you may need several types of therapy to get the best results and to avoid cancer recurrence.

Other factors that become a poor prognostic factor are the presence of extramural deposits, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, poor histological grade, and the discovery of genetic mutations on molecular examination.

Please note that according to research, there is no relationship between age and colon cancer prognosis. Colon cancer prognosis by age can be done based on the stage of cancer and also other factors that influence as mentioned above.

How to Detect Colon Cancer

Symptoms of colon cancer are almost similar to health problems that attack the digestive system. To distinguish them, you can observe how long the symptoms appear.

If it's been more than 2 weeks, see a doctor immediately. Especially the symptoms of bloody bowel movements. The reason is, the symptoms of cancer will not improve on their own or with home remedies.

The doctor will perform a physical observation before carrying out further tests. In this test, your doctor will ask you what symptoms of colon and rectal cancer you may be experiencing and how long they have felt.

The test will be followed by an examination for swelling in the abdomen or a plugin the anus, in which the doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to feel for abnormal tissue growth in order to make a colon cancer prognosis by age.

Then, the doctor will also look at possible risk factors, including the medical history of family members, because this cancer can also be triggered by genetic factors.

The next test for detection and diagnosis of colon and rectal cancer is a stool test. In this test, the doctor will check for blood that is not visible to the naked eye. You will be asked to collect 1-3 stool samples daily.

Patients with cancer that attacks the digestive system are prone to anemia (lack of red blood cells). So, in this test, the doctor will measure the level of red blood cells.

In addition, blood tests are also done to see liver function because colorectal cancer can spread to this organ. Finally, blood tests can show markers of colorectal cancer cells, namely high levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CA 19-9 in the blood.

It is very important for you to maintain a healthy lifestyle and not ignore the signs of colon cancer that may be experienced. Colon cancer prognosis by age can be done by a specialist doctor by looking at the stage of cancer and also other factors.

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